Catering and restaurant managers combine a knowledge of food and drink with strong people and budget management skills. It is their job to keep their catering business running smoothly, and their customers and staff happy.
The job of a catering and restaurant manager varies widely, from a restaurant manager running a small, independent establishment to a general manager running a large contract catering operation, providing food services to organisations such as hospitals and schools.
The job may include:
Restaurant managers have to be prepared to work long days and unsocial hours. The job usually involves working in the evenings, even after the restaurant has closed, as well as at weekends and on public holidays. Restaurant managers may work shifts or split shifts, which means working in the morning and coming in again for an evening shift.
Catering managers, especially in businesses, schools or colleges, are more likely to work regular daytime hours.
Part-time work may be possible, but most managers work full time to cope with the demands of the job.
Restaurant managers usually work indoors in a warm, pleasant environment. They spend some of their time front-of-house, in the restaurant itself, and also work in an office and possibly the kitchen.
Catering managers may work on one site or be responsible for a number of sites, visiting each one on a regular basis.
Starting salaries may be between £15,000 and £23,000 a year.
The hospitality, leisure, travel and tourism industry is one of the country's fastest growing sectors, employing nearly two million people. There are approximately 145,000 catering/restaurant managers working throughout the UK. There is currently a shortage of qualified managers.
Catering/restaurant managers are employed in every kind of eating establishment, from restaurants and fast-food outlets to hotels and company restaurants. The contract catering sector is currently expanding as more organisations are taking on contract caterers.
An increasing number of managers are needed for jobs in schools and higher education, the health service, local authorities, the prison service and the Armed Forces.
Jobs are advertised in trade magazines such as Caterer and Hotelkeeper, and in regional and local newspapers. There are lots of recruitment agencies that deal with catering and hospitality vacancies, including www.caterer.com and www.caterersearch.com
There is no single route into restaurant or catering management. The two most usual routes are:
Work experience is very important in this industry. There are lots of opportunities to do part-time or seasonal work in catering outlets such as pubs, restaurants and fast-food outlets.
Hospitality Apprenticeships are also available.
Many of the large hotel groups and restaurant chains run management training schemes. Applicants with A levels/H grades may be able to join straight from school, but some employers ask for further or higher education qualifications, such as a BTEC/SQA national certificate/diploma, HNC/HND, foundation degree or degree.
A variety of degree and HNC/HND courses are available. Particularly useful subjects include hospitality management; hotel and catering management; hospitality, leisure and tourism; international hospitality management; and culinary management.
Entry to a degree is usually with a minimum of two A levels/three H grades and five GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3), or the equivalent. Entry to an HNC/HND course is with at least one A level/two H grades, or the equivalent.
Catering/restaurant managers are normally trained on the job to gain a broad overview of the business. However, in-house training varies widely across the sector so trainees are advised to obtain recognised qualifications as they progress.
It may be possible for trainees to work towards an NVQ/SVQ at Level 3 in Hospitality Supervision or an SVQ at Level 4 in Hospitality Management.
The Institute of Hospitality has developed new qualifications designed to support the Continuing Professional Development needs of hospitality industry managers. See www.instituteofhospitality.org for more information.
Management training schemes are likely to include specialised courses in subjects such as financial management, sales and marketing, human resource management, food safety and customer care.
Graduate Apprenticeships may be available (in England and Wales) for people with a degree or diploma in an unrelated discipline.
There are Master of Business Administration (MBA) courses specialising in hospitality management for people with the relevant experience and qualifications.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
Catering/restaurant managers should:
Catering/restaurant managers may be able to progress into a general or regional management role. They may take on responsibility for more than one site or a large single-site operation within a large catering company.
There are also opportunities to move into hotel or leisure management.
Restaurant managers may eventually run their own restaurants. Similarly, many experienced catering managers start their own contract catering businesses.
Opportunities exist for working abroad as some of the larger employers also operate overseas.
Institute of Hospitality, Trinity Court,
34 West Street, Sutton SM1 1SH
Tel: 020 8661 4900
People 1st, 2nd Floor, Armstrong House,
38 Market Square, Uxbridge UB8 1LH
Tel: 01895 857000
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.